Shadan Vahabzade, Aboulghasem Delkhosh Kasmaiee, Maryam Rafie Esfandabadi
This research aims to provide better solutions for cultural and non-oil exports and to seek answers to the fundamental question is whether the organizational structure affects the behavior of market-oriented of cultural product? The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of organizational structure on the behavior of market-oriented is cultural exports. The research in terms of research, applied research and research methods, descriptive and correlational. Collecting primary data for this study through questionnaires that will be the primary means of data collection of this research. The population in this study include production management and marketing of cultural products, audio and video manufacturers in VCD / DVD / DIVX software systems. According to population size and sample size refer to the table provided in Table Morgan is 80. In this study, data analysis and structural equation modeling was performed using SPSS software, the results show: Organizational structure, systems, export, export coordination, formalization, centralization, bonuses, training, communication and organizational culture connected with behavior of market-oriented export of cultural products
Keywords: export, cultural, market-oriented behavior, structural factors
Mehraban Hadi Paykani, Jalal Khorram
In this paper, the place of a factory is located based on the needs of market-places. The location of factory is calculated by contour lines method. In this model, the flows between factory and market places are very important. Thus, the flow of services centers and their axis (𝑥𝑖,𝑦𝑖) is considered in order to calculate the new place for factory optimally. Other factors and constrains considered in this model are inter-arrival time and time till first product of sources of servers, setup time and cycle time of servers (markets process), speed of transporters. All of these factors are different and they have influence on the results of facility location problem. After calculating the location of the factory, the model is simulated by Enterprise Dynamic (ED) software. Then the results of this model are analyzed and compared with other scenarios. The number of input of sink 10 (factory) depends on facility location. After simulating the factory location problem, the layout of factory is determined. Single Row Facility Layout (SRFL) is used to determine the layout of factory that it is solved by LINGO software. The flow matrix of machines, available area and area of each machine or workstation is the factors that have effect on the results of facility layout. After that, the process flow chart (PFC) of factory is illustrated. Finally, some ideas about the needs of useful software are suggested.
Keywords: Contour Lines Method, Process Flow Diagram, Facility Layout and Location, Flow Matrix, Setup Time, Cycle Time, Simulation, Single Row Facility Layout, Facility Layout Problem, Process Flow Chart
Mohammad Ali Moradi, Mehrzad Saeedikiya
The aim of the current study was to investigate if the people with different genders and income status benefit differently from their competencies for entrepreneurship. Three competencies including risk-willingness, role modeling opportunity and self-efficacy were considered for further analysis. The data of a sample of 225507 adults from 60 countries participated in annual surveys of Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) from 2001 to 2012 were analyzed using hierarchical linear modeling technique. Results indicated that in general, benefitting from competencies toward entrepreneurship varies across genders and levels of family income. Specifically, while benefiting from self-efficacy toward entrepreneurship is related to both gender and income (men and low-income individuals benefit more), the benefit of individuals from their risk-willingness for entrepreneurship is related to income (high-income individuals benefit more than low income) and their benefit of role modeling for entrepreneurship is related to gender (men benefit more than women). The findings also highlight that the competencies have a greater effect than the demographics such as gender and income on the entrepreneurial intention.
Keywords: Self-efficacy, Risk-willingness, Role Modeling, Intention, Gender, Income, Entrepreneurship